Anesthesiology and Reanimation | HealthTürkiye

Anesthesiology and reanimation are two important medical fields that are concerned with the use of anesthetic drugs and medical procedures to alleviate pain, as well as to support and maintain life during surgery and other medical procedures. These fields play a crucial role in modern medicine and are essential for the safe and effective treatment of patients. Anesthesiology and reanimation specialists receive specialization training for 5 more years after completing 6 years of medical education.

Anesthesiology is the field concerned with administering drugs and other substances to prevent pain during surgery and other medical procedures. Anesthesiologists are responsible for designing and implementing anesthesia plans, monitoring patients during surgery, and providing pain management after surgery. They work closely with surgeons, nurses, and other healthcare professionals to ensure the safety and comfort of patients during medical procedures.

Reanimation, also known as critical care or intensive care medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with managing critically ill or injured patients. Reanimation doctors, also known as intensivists, are responsible for providing life support and specialized medical care to patients suffering from severe injuries, illnesses, or conditions requiring close monitoring and support. They work in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare settings and use advanced medical technology and techniques to support and maintain the vital functions of patients who are critically ill or injured.


What Anesthesia Might be Administered for Various Cases?

Anesthesia of all kinds, including general, regional, and local anesthesia, can be administered during surgery. 

General Anesthesia 

General anesthesia produces a state of unconsciousness and a total lack of sensation in patients during surgery and other medical procedures. In most cases, it is given by inhaling gasses through a breathing tube, mask, or an intravenous (IV) line. As the amount of anesthetic is administered and the operation is carried out, the anesthesiologist will closely check the patient's vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration.

Regional Anesthesia 

Regional anesthesia is used to numb the nerves and stop the transmission of pain signals, which involves injecting anesthetic medications into a particular body location. There are several types of regional anesthesia, including spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, and peripheral nerve blocks. Spinal anesthesia involves the injection of anesthetic drugs into the fluid-filled space around the spinal cord, while epidural anesthesia involves the injection of anesthetic drugs into the space around the spinal cord in the lower back. Peripheral nerve blocks involve the injection of anesthetic drugs into or around specific nerves to numb a specific area of the body. Regional anesthesia has several benefits compared to other types of anesthesia, including the ability to provide targeted pain relief and a faster recovery time. 

Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia is a medical procedure involving injecting anesthetic drugs directly into the site of the surgical incision to numb the area and block the sensation of pain. There are several different types of local anesthesia, including topical anesthesia, which involves the application of anesthetic drugs to the surface of the skin, and infiltration anesthesia, which involves the injection of anesthetic drugs directly into the tissue. Local anesthesia can also be administered through a nerve block, which involves the injection of anesthetic drugs into or around specific nerves to numb a specific area of the body.

Chronic pain management: Pains resistant to painkillers and oncological patients requiring high doses of anesthetics are managed by anesthesiologists.


Which Reanimation treatment is offered to a critical patient?

Reanimation medicine involves various specialized medical procedures and techniques, including mechanical ventilation, hemodynamic monitoring, and vasoactive drug therapy. 

Mechanical Ventilation 

Mechanical ventilation is a medical treatment used in reanimation, also known as critical care or intensive care medicine, to assist or replace the lung function in patients unable to breathe on their own. With mechanical ventilation, carbon dioxide is expelled from the body, and oxygen is delivered to the lungs using a ventilator machine. A tube placed in the patient's mouth, or nose, or through a tracheostomy, a hole in the neck, connects the ventilator to the patient. The intensivist controls the ventilator, which can be adjusted to deliver different levels of oxygen and ventilation based on the patient's needs.

Hemodynamic Monitoring

Hemodynamic monitoring is a medical treatment used to measure and monitor blood circulation within the body. Hemodynamic monitoring uses specialized equipment, such as arterial and central venous lines, to measure blood pressure and flow within the body. The intensivist uses this information to monitor the patient's cardiovascular function and to identify any problems or abnormalities that may be present. Hemodynamic monitoring can be used to assess the effectiveness of other treatments, such as vasoactive drug therapy or mechanical ventilation, and to make adjustments as needed.

Vasoactive Drug Therapy

Vasoactive drug therapy supports and maintains blood pressure and other vital functions in critically ill or injured patients. Vasoactive drugs are medications that regulate the constriction and dilation of blood vessels, which can help maintain blood pressure and improve blood flow to the body's organs and tissues. They can be administered through an intravenous (IV) line or by injection and are carefully monitored by the intensivist to ensure the desired effect.


Importance of Anesthesiology and Reanimation

Anesthesia and Reanimation treatments are essential for advancing the field of medicine. The anesthesiology and reanimation units of a hospital is vital in the care and treatment of patients. They are essential for the safe and effective treatment of patients and are staffed by highly trained and skilled medical professionals who are dedicated to providing the highest level of care to patients. Anesthesiologists and intensivists constantly research and develop new drugs, techniques, and technology to improve treatment. They also play a crucial role in the education and training of other healthcare professionals, helping to ensure that the next generation of medical professionals is well-equipped to provide the best care to patients.


HealthTürkiye - Aiding in Providing the Best Critical Care for You

Anesthesiology and reanimation is a unit that is associated with almost all medical branches, especially surgical units. It is advantageous to work with anesthesiology and rehabilitation specialists who are experts in their fields to increase success in pain treatments and reduce the risks in surgery processes.

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25/04/2023 19:00